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Additional info for 48.Power Systems
4 is also shown). The results are noteworthy, particularly for the SOFC–MGT and MCFC–MGT systems (17): However, the cost of the cells must be carefully investigated, as discussed by Massardo (18), to be able to meet the requirements of the micro-cogeneration market, which at the moment is dominated by the ICE. 18 COGENERATION The evaluation of the energy saving achievable by the application of these novel technologies to cogeneration is an important task for the near future, particularly for civil applications, where space cooling must also be taken into account, as shown by Campanari and Macchi (19).
Transmission is the process of conducting the flow of electricity at high voltages from the points of generation to the locations of electricity consumption such as residential, industrial parks, and commercial centers. The transmission system consists of transmission lines, substations, voltage transformers, and circuit breakers. Electricity transmission involves fixed costs associated with obtaining rights of way. Distribution is divided into two functions—delivery and retail sales. Delivery of electricity is the process of transforming high-voltage electricity to lower voltages and then physically delivering it to households, industrial facilities, and commercial establishments.
Borchiellini A. F. Massardo M. , 41: 1509–1531, 2000. 13. A. F. Massardo F. Lubelli Internal reforming solid oxide fuel cell–gas turbine combined cycles (IRSOFC–GT). Part A: Cell model and cycle thermodynamic analysis, Trans. ASME J. Gas Turbines and Power, 122: 27–35, 2000. 14. S. Campanari E. Macchi Thermodynamic analysis of advanced power cycles based upon solid oxide fuel cells, gas turbines, and Rankine bottoming Cycles, ASME Paper 98-GT-585, 1998. 15. S. Veyo C. Forbes Demonstrations based on Westinghouse’s prototype commercial AES design, Proc.