By Timothy Cheek
Mao Zedong's political occupation spanned greater than part a century. the information he championed remodeled one of many greatest countries on the earth and encouraged progressive pursuits internationally. Even this present day Mao lives on in China, the place he's seemed via many as a near-mythical determine, and within the West, the place a burgeoning literature keeps to discuss his reminiscence. during this booklet, best students from assorted generations and world wide supply a serious assessment of the lifestyles and legacy of China's most renowned - a few might say notorious - son. within the first part, chapters discover the historic and political context of Mao's emergence as a tender guy and innovative within the early 20th century. via this era it really is attainable to envision the character of Mao's ideology in its purest shape and to determine why it was once beautiful to such a lot of. This part additionally chronicles the most occasions of his existence and person features of that lifestyles: his key relationships with allies and foes, his fans and his public character, his philosophy, and his courting with ladies. within the ultimate half, chapters debate the optimistic and disadvantages of his legacy; in China Mao has turn into a metaphor for the guarantees and betrayals of the 20th century, in constructing international locations he continues to be a beacon of innovative wish for a few, and within the West Mao remains to be the reflect of our hopes and fears. The booklet brings the scholarship on Mao brand new, and its substitute views equip readers to evaluate for themselves the character of this mercurial determine and his value in sleek chinese language background.
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Additional info for A Critical Introduction to Mao
Michael Y. M. , The Writings of Mao Zedong, Vol. 1: 1949–1956 (Armonk, New York: M. E. Sharpe, 1986), p. xxvi. 55 See Jerome Chen, Mao Papers: Anthology and Bibliography (London: Oxford University Press, 1970), Introduction.
The Rectification Movement of 1942–44 implemented the mass line by providing noble goals of public service (which distinguishes the CCP, then, from Pol Pot’s Khmer Rouge), the means to inculcate those goals among administrators (party and government cadres), and mechanisms to test the level of success in their implementation. Used well, rectification provides one way to inform, guide, and control a revolutionary regime; used badly, it has led to the excesses of the Cultural Revolution and the Killing Fields.
He chose to be a revolutionary and set off – first to Changsha (the capital of Hunan) and then to Beijing and Shanghai – to find that revolution. Mao’s career and writings can be viewed in three major stages: as a junior member of the new CCP who led the shift from an urban to a rural revolutionary strategy (1920s–mid-1930s), as the primary leader of the revolutionary party and army from the mid-1930s to the mid-1950s, and as the undisputed charismatic supreme leader of the CCP and PRC from the 1950s until his death in 1976.