Download A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in by William Lockley Miller PDF

By William Lockley Miller

Established upon surveys and interviews with executive officers and electorate, this ebook makes a speciality of matters similar to bribery, corruption, inefficiency and freedom of data in Ukraine, Bulgaria, Slovakia and the Czech Republic. The authors transcend an research of public perceptions and behavior and view public attitudes in the direction of proposals for reform. They show how the matter of voters' interactions with officers varies in sort in addition to in measure around the nations of principal and japanese Europe.

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Extra info for A Culture of Corruption: Coping With Government in Post-Communist Europe

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It is almost universally condemned but widely practised. The public’s actual useof bribery is influenced moreby extortion onthe part of officials than by the public’s own ‘values and norms’. Nonetheless, both extortion and values have an independent impact. Condemnation stiffens resistance to extortion, even if many of those who condemn it to still submit to it. Butthe ability o f personal values to stiffen resistance extortion varies, andit is exceptionally ineffectivein Ukraine. Chapter 6 looks at the treatment and behaviour of ethnic minorities.

81 It is especially unlikely that history can exercise a determining influence over political values or behaviour when history does not represent a political or cultural tradition. It is important to distinguish between a voluntary tradition and an imposed domination of the kind that constituted so much of the history of our four countries. The first may be carried forward by the people, and with some enthusiasm. The second is nothing but a set of chains to be cast off at the first opportunity.

Perversely, of course, in the peculiarly chaotic conditions of transition, citizens might feel less constrained in their use of corrupt as well as legitimate methods of influencing officials. Freedom might be interpreted as lack of any constraint, internal or external, and in the same chaoticconditionsstreet-levelofficialsmightfeellessconstrained in their behaviour also. If so, then the ‘escape from domination’ model would imply an explosion in corrupt practices that was not due to the dead hand of history but to its opposite, the removal of constraint.

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