By Gordon Campbell
Gardens take many varieties, and feature quite a few features. they could function areas of peace and tranquilty, how to domesticate flora and fauna, or as locations to increase agricultural assets. Globally, gardens have encouraged, comforted, and sustained humans from all walks of lifestyles, and because the backyard of Eden many iconic gardens have encouraged nice artists, poets, musicians, and writers.
In this brief historical past, Gordon Campbell embraces gardens in all their splendour, from parks, and fruit and vegetable gardens to decorative gardens, and takes the reader on a globe-trotting historic trip via iconic and cultural signposts of gardens from diverse areas and traditions. starting from the gardens of historic Persia to trendy day allotments, he concludes through seeking to the way forward for the backyard within the age of worldwide warming, and the adaptive spirit of human innovation.
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Extra resources for A Short History of Gardens
The surviving garden in front of the Taj is in signiﬁcant part an early twentieth-century reconstruction based on what was then current scholarship. The area that is now grassed was once planted with fruit trees. The canal that stretches from the entrance gate to the tomb recalls the original design, as does its raised basin. Shah Jahan is popularly credited with 999 gardens in Kashmir alone. Beneath this inﬂated claim there lies the truth that he commissioned some of India’s ﬁnest Mughal gardens, few of which survive.
36 OUP CORRECTED PROOF – FINAL, 29/8/2016, SPi The Islamic Garden No early Ottoman garden survives, but it is nonetheless clear that palaces and large houses had walled gardens, typically planted with fruit trees and with a section reserved for use as a kitchen garden. Garden buildings often included a kiosk (Turkish kiusk), which was an open garden pavilion, either temporary (a decorative tent) or permanent (sometimes made from inlaid marble). Flowers, sometimes planted in large numbers, included tulips, hyacinths, violets, and roses.
The ﬁrst three courtyards of the Topkapi were planted like walled parks, often with cypress. These areas were sometimes used as a zoological park for animals such as gazelles. Only the fourth courtyard, beyond the harem, had ﬂowerbeds, but in the seventeenth century the land was increasingly taken over by marble kiosks, of which the ﬁrst two were garden rooms (with ﬁreplaces), and the third a place from which to view the Bosphorus Strait. These structures, together with a late sixteenth-century reﬂecting pool, eliminated planting space, so a new terrace garden was laid out on the slope below the harem.