By Joseph Panno
There are virtually as many theories concerning the getting older technique as there are researchers operating within the box. This stems from the truth that scientists have no idea why animals become older and think about each element of an animal's body structure, biochemistry, and molecular biology in trying to solution this crucial query. the present pattern between biologists learning the best way animals become old is to maintain the theories in brain, yet to concentration their cognizance on dominant age-related illnesses corresponding to Alzheimer's or heart problems. This new quantity within the New Biology set tackles the attention-grabbing topic of getting older, from ordinary tactics to technological advancements, and descibes earlier and current study into extending the human existence span. assorted theories approximately getting older and the experiences of the fruit fly and housefly, that have supplied a foundation of data during this box, are offered in a transparent and concise demeanour. using hormone remedy is explored as a potential approach to opposite the results of getting older, using antioxidants is mentioned as one other zone being pursued by means of scientists looking to locate the foremost to extending the human existence span, and attainable negative effects and fiscal expenditures also are tested. Concluding with a suite of biographies of influential researchers during this box, a bibliography, a word list, and an index, getting older provides the entire tale concerning the hopes, efforts, growth, and realities of this undying subject.
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Additional info for Aging: Theories and Potential Therapies
Its release is blocked by a hypothalamic messenger called GH-inhibiting hormone. thyrotropin (also known as thyroid-stimulating hormone) from the pituitary. Thyrotropin, in turn, stimulates the thyroid gland to release thyroid hormones, the most important of which is thyroxine, a hormone that stimulates cell metabolism and growth. The self-regulating feature of this system is the ability of the hypothalamus to monitor the level of thyroxine in the blood. When it gets too high, the hypothalamus signals the pituitary to cut back on the release of thyrotropin, or to stop releasing it altogether.
The goal of gerontologists is to try to get a better understanding of the covenant between the genes, the organism, and the environment. Whether intended by evolution or not, many genes are directly responsible for an animal’s life span. These genes may be exerting their effects through inappropriate behavior (that is, they are turning on or off at the wrong time) or through a mutation that eventually damages the protein product. Damage at the gene level re-invokes the error catastrophe theory, but many experiments have failed to establish a role for genetic (or somatic) mutations in cell senescence.
Other treatments being planned involve a combination of gene therapy and stem cell transplants to correct the mutated tau and sen genes and to replace the damaged or dying neuronal population. Experiments show that stem cells injected into damaged rat brains do differentiate into appropriate neurons; whether they make the correct connections, however, is yet to be determined. Given the delicacy of our CNS and the complexity of its circuits, it is likely that such therapies will be extremely difficult to develop.