By Marc Cogen
An creation to eu Intergovernmental businesses presents an up to date and available connection with eu intergovernmental firms except the ecu Union. the ecu is so dominant that individuals usually fail to remember the multitude of older and more recent, smaller and bigger intergovernmental companies rooted within the heritage of latest Europe which proceed to aid form its destiny. The really good personality of those firms provides worth to cooperation in Europe as a complete, creates everlasting channels of verbal exchange despite ecu club and permits the prospect for non-European involvement via corporations equivalent to the ecu financial institution for Reconstruction and improvement and NATO. It additionally permits sub neighborhood teams of states, reminiscent of the Nordic nations or the Benelux nations to exist and convey their very own id through their very own businesses. This publication seems on the historical past of Non-EU agencies, their decision-making features, club rules, criminal powers activities and interactions with one another and the eu Union. A uniform scheme of research is used to make ecu intergovernmental organisations similar and through learning them we achieve a deeper realizing and perception into eu affairs.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to European Intergovernmental Organizations
25 One example of closer cooperation outside the internal market is the accession of Iceland and Norway as associate members to the Schengen zone on 19 December 1996, Switzerland on 12 December 2008, and Liechtenstein on 19 December 2011. In 2012, EEA/EFTA states participated in 26 EU programmes, such as the Seventh Research Framework Programme, Competitiveness and Innovation (CIP) Programme, the Civil Protection Financial Instrument, Intermodal Transport, Drugs Prevention and Information Programme, and Erasmus Mundus II (Actions 1 and 3).
Portugal left EFTA on 1 January 1986 to become a member state of the European Community. On 16 July 2009, Iceland applied for EU membership, but suspended its application on 13 September 2013. Liechtenstein became an EFTA member in 1991 and joined the European Economic Area (EEA) on 1 May 1995. In the beginning of 1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden left EFTA to become members of the European Community. Norway’s membership application was rejected by a national referendum in November 1994. After Swiss voters had rejected the EEA in a referendum of December 1992 Switzerland concluded a series of separate bilateral agreements with the European Community as an alternative to the EEA.
Membership Iceland (1970), Liechtenstein (1991), Norway (1960), Switzerland (1960). C. Purposes The main purposes are stated by Article 2 of the Convention: (a) to promote a continued and balanced strengthening of trade and economic relations between the member states with fair conditions of competition, and the respect of equivalent rules, within the area of the Association; (b) the free trade in goods; (c) to progressively liberalize the free movement of persons; (d) the 4 Svalbard is an Arctic archipelago and the northernmost part of Norwegian territory.