By Philip Soergel
Profiling milestones and events within the arts, literature, track and faith from a particular interval, each one quantity during this set is helping scholars and researchers comprehend a few of the disciplines of the arts in terms of one another, in addition to to background and tradition. an outline of the interval and a chronology of significant international occasions commence each one quantity. 9 chapters persist with overlaying the main branches of the arts: structure and layout, dance, style, literature, tune, philosophy, faith, theater and visible arts. Chapters commence with a chronology of significant occasions in the self-discipline via articles protecting the pursuits, faculties of concept and masterworks that represent the self-discipline throughout the period and biographical profiles of pioneers, masters and different admired figures within the box. Chapters additionally contain major basic files from the interval, together with quotations, excerpts from artists approximately their paintings and/or commentaries/criticism released through the interval, and an inventory of basic references for extra info.
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Extra info for Arts and Humanities through the Eras: The Age of the Baroque and Enlightenment (1600-1800)
Begun in 1631, the church was intended to commemorate the cessation of a recent outbreak of the plague in the city. The building was constructed in the central style, that is, it radiated outward as an octagon from a single point at its center, a form of construction generally disfavored by ecclesiastical leaders at the time. Inside, the interior was fairly typical of churches built at the time, yet on its exterior Longhena massed 125 decorative sculptures, rounded volutes, or scroll-shaped decorations, that served as buttresses, and other ornamental elements so that the entire structure took on the effect of a gigantic sculptural confection.
As the seventeenth century approached, however, a revival of spirit became evident in the Roman Catholic Church. This Catholic Reformation saw the foundation of many new religious orders like the Jesuits, Theatines, and Capuchins, who worked for religious renewal. During the half-century following 1570, these groups led a dramatic resurgence in Catholic piety. The new orders demanded religious architecture that focused worshippers’ attentions on the sacraments and key elements of Catholic worship, that appealed to the senses, and that was an enhancement to parishioners’ religious lives.
In a somewhat different vein the architecture of Guarino Guarini (1624–1683) made use of elements drawn from Borromini, although he deployed these to a completely different effect. A member of the Catholic reform order of the Theatines, Guarini spent his youth in Rome, where he became aware of the experiments with new forms and styles being conducted by Maderno, Borromini, and Bernini. As he came to maturity, he became one of the great traveling architects of the seventeenth century, designing buildings in Sicily, Paris, and at Lisbon, as well as completing from a distance designs for churches at Munich and Prague.