By Kevin Hannam, Irena Ateljevic
Backpacker tourism has shifted from the margins of the go back and forth into the mainstream. Backpacker Tourism: techniques and profiles explores the present kingdom of the overseas backpacker phenomenon, drawing jointly diversified disciplinary views on its which means, effect and importance. hyperlinks are drawn among conceptual matters and case reviews, environment backpacking in its wider social, cultural and monetary context.
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Extra resources for Backpacker Tourism: Concepts and Profiles (Tourism and Cultural Change)
Chapter 3 The Social Psychological Interface of Tourism and Independent Travel PETRI HOTTOLA Introduction Human behaviour is an issue of fundamental importance for the theoretical and practical understanding of tourism as an individual and collective phenomenon. Tourism is, after all, not built on commerce but on human interaction (MacCannell, 1992: 196Á197). The search for interpersonal contacts, or avoidance of them, is present in the social psychology of all types of travel. The most archetypal form of tourism, mass package tourism, is a prime example of the voluntary congregation of people seeking a temporal collective in order to fulfil a common motive; controlled liminoidity in a climatically favourable and reasonably exotic location.
It offers a small link to the territory of sustainability, which will be explored presently. Each style of backpacker research has its own language. In industryand government-oriented analyses researchers write about market characteristics, product development, market differentiation, information influences, travel, routes, activity participation and expenditure patterns (Buchanan & Rossetto, 1997; Richards & Wilson, 2004a). For the more sociologically oriented territory, researchers deal with conceptual analyses featuring rites of passage, identity markers, pilgrimage liminality, roles and deviance (Ateljevic & Doorne, 2004; Richards & Wilson, 2004b; West, 2005).
First, there are fundamental notions of multifaceted outcomes in the sustainability definitions and literature. Second, sustainability can be conceived as a moving target, a desired goal for the striving of human effort rather than a well defined tangible state. Sustainability is therefore linked to a position of learned optimism in that small efforts matter and make progress towards a goal (Seligman, 1998). 1 Key institutional events guiding the sustainability agenda 1. The reports to the Club of Rome (early 1960s) that stressed a limit to growth approach and quite pessimistic predictions about energy and fossil fuel shortages.