By Aharon W. Zorea
For many of the nineteenth century, contraception used to be now not thought of a overall healthiness or clinical factor; all prohibitions and prosecutions concerning contraception have been carried out lower than obscenity legislation. One such legislations, the Comstock Act of 1873, banned the distribution of contraceptives in addition to information regarding contraceptives. good over a hundred years later, contraception continues to be a hugely delicate topic.
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Extra resources for Birth Control
Lawrence, Theodore Dreiser, and George Bernard Shaw were barred from publishing their materials because the subject matter was deemed offensive. For these and other decisions, Comstock drew criticism among the liberal social reformers who balked at the legal censorship. Nevertheless, for most of the nation, Comstock represented the official standard of decency and cleanliness in public communication during the last few decades of the 1800s. As a result of the Comstock laws, all materials related to contraception were explicitly prohibited from being sent through the mails.
Post Office, authorized to inspect packages and prosecute those who sent “obscene, lewd, or lascivious” materials through the mail. Neither Congress nor Comstock could specifically quantify the definition of obscenity, so their decisions invited some controversy when literary figures such as D. H. Lawrence, Theodore Dreiser, and George Bernard Shaw were barred from publishing their materials because the subject matter was deemed offensive. For these and other decisions, Comstock drew criticism among the liberal social reformers who balked at the legal censorship.
Harry Sharp of the Indiana State Reformatory at Jeffersonville performed several hundred vasectomies on inmates over the period of several years. He believed that he could best reform inmates as productive members of society by removing their excessive sexual impulses through vasectomies. In part, this view stemmed from the earlier (albeit refuted) association between vasectomy and castration. Reports of his TYPES OF BIRTH CONTROL AND THEIR CONTROVERSIES 23 activities spread throughout the criminal justice community, and sterilization was touted as a major innovation in prison reform.