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Extra info for C++ International Standard (ISO IEC 14882:2011)

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9. All external entity references are resolved. Library components are linked to satisfy external references to entities not defined in the current translation. All such translator output is collected into a program image which contains information needed for execution in its execution environment. charset] The basic source character set consists of 96 characters: the space character, the control characters representing horizontal tab, vertical tab, form feed, and new-line, plus the following 91 graphical characters:14 a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 _ { } [ ] # ( ) < > % : ; .

Becomes #define arraycheck(a,b) a[b] || b[a] — end example ] 3 No other trigraph sequence exists. Each ? that does not begin one of the trigraphs listed above is not changed. 5) does not form a universalcharacter-name. 7) shall have the lexical form of a keyword, an identifier, a literal, an operator, or a punctuator. 2 A preprocessing token is the minimal lexical element of the language in translation phases 3 through 6. The categories of preprocessing token are: header names, identifiers, preprocessing numbers, character literals (including user-defined character literals), string literals (including user-defined string literals), preprocessing operators and punctuators, and single non-white-space characters that do not lexically match the other preprocessing token categories.

Note: This concatenation is an interpretation, not a conversion. Because the interpretation happens in translation phase 6 (after each character from a literal has been translated into a value from the appropriate character set), a string literal’s initial rawness has no effect on the interpretation or well-formedness of the concatenation. — end note ] Table 8 has some examples of valid concatenations. Table 8 — String literal concatenations Source u"a" u"b" u"a" "b" "a" u"b" Means u"ab" u"ab" u"ab" Source U"a" U"b" U"a" "b" "a" U"b" Means U"ab" U"ab" U"ab" Source L"a" L"b" L"a" "b" "a" L"b" Means L"ab" L"ab" L"ab" Characters in concatenated strings are kept distinct.

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