By Owen Hatherley
The huge, proverbially windswept plazas outfitted below “really present socialism” from the Nineteen Twenties to the Eighties are greatly thought of to be lifeless areas, designed to intimidate or a minimum of provoke. but in the event that they are just of use to these in energy, why is it they've been used so effectively in protest? From Petrograd in 1917 to Independence sq. in Kiev through the Orange Revolution, those areas became focuses for mass protest. starting in Berlin’s Alexanderplatz, and taking in Warsaw, Ljubljana, Kharkov and Moscow, Owen Hatherley heads looking for riot, architectural glory and horror. alongside the best way he encounters the extra civic squares that changed their authoritarian predecessors and reveals that, mockingly, the previous centres of energy are extra conducive to dissent than those new, ostensibly democratic plazas.