By Kristin Shrader-Frechette
Three-fourths of medical examine within the usa is funded by way of specified pursuits. a lot of those teams have particular functional targets, reminiscent of constructing prescription drugs or constructing pollutant motives merely minimum damage. For teams with monetary conflicts of curiosity, their clinical findings frequently may be deeply flawed.
To discover and examine those medical flaws, award-winning biologist and thinker of technological know-how Kristin Shrader-Frechette makes use of the analytical instruments of vintage philosophy of technology. She identifies and evaluates the innovations, information, inferences, equipment, types, and conclusions of technological know-how tainted by means of the impression of designated pursuits. consequently, she demanding situations approved medical findings concerning dangers reminiscent of chemical pollution and cancer causing agents, ionizing radiation, insecticides, hazardous-waste disposal, improvement of environmentally delicate lands, threats to endangered species, and less-protective criteria for workplace-pollution publicity. In so doing, she dissects the technological know-how on which many modern clinical controversies flip. Demonstrating and advocating "liberation science," she indicates how sensible, logical, methodological, and moral reviews of technological know-how can either increase its caliber and credibility -- and defend humans from damage because of mistaken technological know-how, resembling underestimates of cancers as a result of bovine development hormones, mobile phones, fracking, or high-voltage wires.
This booklet is either an in-depth examine the unreliable clinical findings on the root of latest debates in biochemistry, ecology, economics, hydrogeology, physics, and zoology -- and a choice to motion for scientists, philosophers of technological know-how, and all voters.