By Peter Rudolf Seidl, Otto Richard Gottlieb, Maria Auxiliadora Coelho Kaplan
content material: Amazon biodiversity: a renewable average source? / Peter Rudolf Seidl --
ordinary items as medicinal and organic brokers : potentiating the assets of the rain woodland / Geoffrey A. Cordell --
fiscal vegetation of the Amazon : their business improvement in protection of the wooded area / Benjamin Gilbert --
Agroforestry thoughts for relieving soil chemical constraints to meals and fiber creation within the Brazilian Amazon / Erick C.M. Fernandes and João Carlos de Souza Matos --
Secondary compound accumulation in plants-the program of plant biotechnology to plant development : a proposed method for natural-product examine in Brazil / Marcia Pletsch, Antônio Euzébio G. Sant'Ana, and Barry Victor Charlwood --
The promise of plant-derived normal items for the advance of latest prescribed drugs and agrochemicals / James D. McChesney --
Poisons and anti-poisons from the Amazon wooded area / Walter B. Mors --
Biologically energetic neolignans from Amazonian timber / Massayoshi Yoshida --
Proteins from Amazonia : stories and views for his or her learn / Lauro Morhy --
Terpenoids from Amazonian Icacinaceae / Alaide Braga de Oliveira --
Chemical stories of Myristicaceae species of the Colombian Amazon / Juan C. Martinez V. and Luis E. Cuca S. --
Plant chemistry of Amazonia in an ecological context / Klaus Kubitzki --
Lignans : variety, biosynthesis, and serve as / Norman G. Lewis, Massuo J. Kato, Norberto Lopes, and Laurence B. Davin --
The chemistry of Amazonian Myristicaceae : developmental, ecological, and pharmacological elements / Massuo J. Kato --
Amazonia as opposed to Australia : geographically far away, chemically shut / Maria Auxiliadora Coelho Kaplan --
Chemodiversity of angiosperms : range- and herbaceousness-conditioned gradients / Maria Renata de M.B. Borin and Otto R. Gottlieb --
Future-oriented mapping of biodiversity in Amazonia / Otto R. Gottlieb --
Advances in Amazonian biogeochemistry / K.O. Konhauser, W.S. Fyfe, W. Zang, M.I. fowl, and B.I. Kronberg --
The chemistry of headwater streams within the Rio das Mortes procedure and its impact at the constitution of the biotic group / Charles W. Heckman --
The chemistry of atmospheric aerosol debris within the Amazon Basin / Paulo Artaxo, Fábio Gerab, Márcia A. Yamasoe, and José V. Martins --
The "Garimpo" challenge within the Amazon zone / Alexandre Pessoa, Gildo Sá Albuquerque, and Maria Laura Barreto --
Mineral extraction within the Amazon and the surroundings : the mercury challenge / Roberto C. Villas Bôas.
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Additional info for Chemistry of the Amazon. Biodiversity, Natural Products, and Environmental Issues
In the case of a larger scale production the availability of both oleic and lauric oils (see Vegetable Oil section above) would be a factor in defining the locality of the operation. The sale of a soap made exclusively from Amazonian starting materials and produced in the region cannot fail to attract buyers and calculations show that competitive prices can be maintained for localities with easy access to a port (see comments on marketing above). Insecticides and Related Pest Control Agents Before the synthetic insecticides, herbicides and other agrochemicals began to appear in the 1940's there existed a world market for natural agrochemicals.
The quantities available are extraordinarily large and would provide a virtually inexhaustible supply of raw material for animal feed. The production of these feedstuff's must be tailored to the region. Cattle raising has been in the past one of the chief causes of destruction of virgin forest. The replacement of grasses planted often in soils unable to support cattle at an economic density by feeds producedfromnatural biomass from plants adapted to the habitat would seem a logical step. It must be borne in mind when planning production that the demand for cattle ration may be very high during the dry season (September to November in Marajo) and much smaller or non-existent during the rains.
The accumulation of nutrients and shading out of weeds by the regenerating forest vegetation, and the action of roots and associated microorganisms and fauna are the processes by which the potential soil productivity of the abandoned site is gradually improved to a state approaching that of a primary rainforest. Due to increasing population pressure and new land use policies that prohibit deforestation and burning of primary forests, regenerating forest fallows are under increased pressure from farmers.