By Sonya Michel, Rianne Mahon
No matter if childcare is noticeable as a part of society's academic coverage, welfare coverage, or employment coverage impacts not just its shape and content material but additionally its public picture. The individuals during this quantity use present polices for the care of babies and preschool youngsters to research debates and song the emergence of recent nation welfare practices throughout various social and political configurations-and supply a few conclusions approximately which equipment paintings the simplest.
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Extra resources for Child Care Policy at the Crossroads: Gender and Welfare State Restructuring
They can successfully pursue two, but not all three, of their classic (postwar) ob jectives: full employment, social equality, and fiscal balance. 2. See for exam ple Cerny (1997), Mishra (1999), Rhodes (1996 and 1998), Garrett (1998), Pierson (1998), Iversen and Wren (1998), Scharpf and Schmidt (2000), and Sykes, Palier, and Prior (2001). 3. Although we stress the m odel’s decline, it is important to recognize that this family form was never equally well-entrenched in all societies nor all social classes.
Rather than discouraging their labor market participation, as would have been the case a decade earlier, this time the Japanese state actively sought to facilitate their economic activities by channelling married women into part-time employment. A special tax exemption was introduced in 1987 to allow married women to earn up to one million yen, approximately 20 percent of the average male annual income, in part-time income. This not only limited married women’s economic activities to part-time work but further entrenched their caring role within the home.
New Rules fo r a New Economy. Y. : Cornell University Press. Hondagneu-Sotelo, Pierette, and Ernestine Avila. 1997. ” Gender and Society II, no. 5: 548—71. Iversen,Torben and Anne Wren. 1998. ” World Politics 50: 507—46. Jenson, Jane. 1986. ” Studies in Political Economy 20: 9-^-6. __________ . 1989. ” In The Transformation ofWork? ed. Stephen Wood. London: Unwin Human. __________ . 1998. ” Canadian Policy Research Network # F :03. htm l. Jenson, Jane, and Mariette Sineau, eds. 1998. Avi doit garder le jeune enfant?