By Emmanuel Levinas
This assortment, now on hand in a cheap paperback version, includes 11 of the main major articles written via Emmanuel Levinas. essentially the most vital philosophers of the phenomenological-existential culture, Levinas extra explored and constructed every one of his theses within the vintage philosophical paintings in a different way than Being, or, past Essence.
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Extra info for Collected Philosophical Papers (Phaenomenologica, Volume 100)
The mystery of being is not its myth. The artist moves in a universe that precedes (in what sense we will see below) the world of creation, a universe that the artist has already gone beyond by his thought and his everyday actions. The idea of shadow or reflection to which we have appealed - of an essential doubling of reality by its image, of an ambiguity "on the hither side" - extends to the light itself, to thought, to the inner life. The whole of reality bears on its face its own allegory, outside of its revelation and its truth.
The substance forcibly seized upon by the tyrant is nowise a substance; there is no one in front of him. The tyrant has never commanded, has never acted; he has always been alone. But what does remain free is the capacity to foresee one's own degradation, and arm oneself against it. Freedom consists in instituting outside of oneself an order of reason, in entrusting the rational to a written text, in resorting to institutions. Freedom, in its fear of tyranny, leads to institutions, to a commitment of freedom in the very name of freedom, to a State.
The discussion over the primacy of art or of nature - does art imitate nature or does natural beauty imitate art? - fails to recognize the simultaneity of truth and image. The notion of shadow thus enables us to situate the economy of resemblance within the general economy of being. Resemblance is not a participation of a being 8 in an idea (the old argument of the third man shows the futility of that); it is the very structure of the sensible as such. The sensible is being insofar as it resembles itself, insofar as, outside of its triumphal work of being, it casts a shadow, emits that obscure and elusive essence, that phantom essence which cannot be identified with the essence revealed in truth.