By Lynne C. Lancaster
Interpreting the tools and strategies that enabled developers to build probably the most enforcing monuments of historic Rome, Lynne Lancaster specializes in structurally cutting edge vaulting and the standards that motivated its development, in addition to more than a few similar practices and numerous ideas of buttressing. offering the geological history of the neighborhood construction stones, Lancaster applies mineralogical research to indicate buying and selling styles and land use. She additionally examines building concepts in terms of the social, monetary, and political contexts of Rome.
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Additional resources for Concrete Vaulted Construction in Imperial Rome: Innovations in Context
Detail of engraving of Blackfriar’s Bridge showing wedges used to lower the centering (G. B. Piranesi 1764). could have been used to deal with this problem. Modern builders use mineral or vegetable oils (as well as other substances not available to the Romans) to coat the formwork and act as a release agent. 30 The preservation of the formwork for reuse is an important economic factor in today’s concrete industry and probably was for the Roman builder as well. 31 Removing the centering was a dangerous process and had to be carefully coordinated and executed.
Type of tuff usually found along the rims of craters. called tufo rosso a scorie nere (traditionally Fidenae tufa) The two types used in Rome were lapis Albanus and also is found in some vaults. It is characterized by large lapis Gabinus, from the craters at Marino on Lago pieces of black pumice and occurs along the Tiber di Albano and at Gabii, respectively. The quarries of near Prima Porta and near the ancient city of Fidenae 3 both types are located about 20 km from Rome, but (Map 3 and Pl. I).
16 Voussoirs are wedgeshaped stones that make up an arch (Fig. 2). The radiating joints between the voussoirs serve to direct the weight of the arch and anything it supports toward the sides and away from the opening under the arch. The result is that the arch pushes out at its springing, and this outward thrust must be countered or controlled in some way. xml CB885B/Lancaster 0 521 84202 6 April 17, 2005 INTRODUCTION ning a distance so that the stresses within the material remain in compression.