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By Melvin Ember, Carol R. Ember

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Extra resources for Countries and Their Cultures ( A-C )

Sample text

Commercial Activities, Major Industries, and Trade. Aside from agricultural output, Albania is a major producer of chrome. There are also significant deposits of copper and nickel and some oil. The country is still reeling from the radical transformation from a socialist to a free market economy, and commercial activity has not attained its potential. Virtually all the major industries went bankrupt and collapsed in the early 1990s when a free market economy was introduced. Some mines, chrome in particular, are still in production, but most have stagnated under pressure from foreign competition.

Reform and Rebellion in Afghanistan, 1919–1929: King Amanullah’s Failure to Modernize a Tribal Society, 1973. Roy, Olivier. L’Afghanistan: Islam et Modernite´ Politique, 1985. Rubin, Barnett R. The Fragmentation of Afghanistan: State Formation and Collapse in the International System, 1995. Shahrani, M. Nazif and Robert L. Canfield, eds. Revolution and Rebellions in Afghanistan: Anthropological Perspectives, 1984. Szabo, Albert and Thomas J. Barfield, Afghanistan: An Atlas of Domestic Architecture, 1991.

The Albanian language, shqip, is Indo-European, although it is not a member of any of the major branches of the Indo-European family. Despite its Indo-European affiliation and presence in the Balkans since ancient times, it is difficult to pinpoint the exact ancestry of the Albanian language because of the radical transformations that have taken place within it through the centuries. Among these transformations has been a substantial reduction in word length and extreme morphological alterations.

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