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By Klaus Zwerger

Development with wooden as an ecologically plausible fabric is a convention with an extended background. The trees structure which has ensued over the last centuries unearths to the trendy observer the intensity of data which has enabled either jap und Western cultures to exploit this glorious fabric in this kind of artistic manner. within the most common approach to construction with wooden, parts are attached by utilizing wooden joints which don't require the help of adhesives or steel connectors. This artwork of wooden jointing reached its zenith in Japan yet Europe too supplied its percentage of hugely influential varieties. through a number of hundred examples from Japan and 18 eu nations, with a brand new bankruptcy on China extra to this enlarged variation, this ebook describes in nice element the background of bushes structure when it comes to its technical, aesthetic and ecological dimensions. This thorough examine is a mine of knowledge to experts during this box it opens as much as the craftsman of at the present time what has develop into a nearly forgotten international and gives a desirable account for the final reader. „Here is a guy who has trekked even though the wild Carpathian forests, the Norwegian outback, the Russian steppes and imprecise areas of Japan in pursuit of the wooden joint. He tells the tale with a feeling of unfolding discovery for an individual attracted to how structures paintings this ebook is a pleasure to read.» the architects‘ magazine.

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A wattle of split bamboo sticks laid in a criss-cross pattern can be used to fill the spaces between structural and bracing members. (Fig. 69) Applying daub to both sides creates the lightest possible skeleton for a wall. When we speak of species of wood and the importance of choosing the right ones, we should not forget to mention shingles. 111 The best is just about good enough! This is proved by the case of stubborn farmers in the Carpathian Mountains of Romania who made their shingles from spruce, which was urgently required by the aircraft industry at the beginning of World War 2112 The unique quality of this wood was highly regarded in many European countries as a resonant spruce in the making of instruments.

62 Many species of wood are protected by their own constituents. 64 It is an irony of fate that among the wooden structures of Buddhism, in which the transitoriness of all things is a major theme, the largest (Todai-ji) and the oldest (Horyu-ji, 7th century) are still in existence. Lord Bacon said that by obeying nature we overcome her. Only the old Japanese really overcame her. After every death they built a new house. 65 59 Root and branch beginnings like on these columns in Bryggen in Bergen, Hordaland, Norway, contribute considerably to their durability and perhaps also to their aesthetic appeal.

55) The fact that many people today have no connection with the materials of their houses is not a new phenomenon. (Fig. 61 53 “Airy” timberwork on a barn in Köfels, Tyrol, Austria. 54 The variously filled gaps between the logs were subsequently coated with daub. – Log building in Sˇumiak, Slovakia. 30 56 An Umgebindehaus in Obercunnersdorf, Saxony, Germany, renovated at low cost with YTONG® (lightweight mineral) blocks. 55 A minka in Shirakawa mura, Gifu, Japan. 58 Vertical grooves in the logs of this Umgebinde in Hirschfelde, Saxony, Germany, are intended to imitate squared stone masonry.

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