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By Louis E Davis

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1959), 'The values of science', in A. H. ), New Knowledge in Human Values, Harper & Row, pp. 54-60. FOLLEY, J. , and VAN COTT, H. P. (1960), Human Factors Methods for Systems Design, American Institute of Research under Office of Naval Research, Contract no. Nonr-2700[00], pp. 4-S. HEILBRONER, R. L. (1953), The Wordly Philosophers, Simon & Schuster. PHY, G. (1958), Human Potentialities, Basic Books. RicE, E. L. (1922), The Adding Machine, Samuel French. SBBMAN, M. (1959), 'On the meaning of alienation', American Sociological Review, vol.

The notion that those strange men who write equations on blackboards are the real arbiters of all our destinies is one that must be obliterated in any society that wishes to continue functioning in even an approximately democratic fashion. Other segments are subject to the kind of alienation called 'isolation'. This re~mlts from assigning low reward value to goals or beliefs that are typically high-valued in a given society (Seeman; Robert Bogualaw 49 1959, p. 789). Included among the groups affected are unquestionably some social scientists, some philosophers, and possibly some former bomber pilots.

This is another way of saying that whether or not work makes sense depends entirely on aspects other than the actual task, on social aspects, that is to say on the degree of social participation of various kinds by the worker. Unskilled work is thus in phase B for most men already entirely social in nature. ' Perhaps the foregoing remarks enable us to make precise the opposition which G. Friedmann insists upon between the milieu 7. This principle runs the risk of misinterpretation unless two remarks are added: (a) No hypothesis can be made a priori at this stage of the analysis on the importance of different social aspects of work.

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