By Kate E. Tunstall
There are few matters extra urgently wanting clever research than these in relation to displacement, asylum, and migration. during this quantity, in line with the 2004 Oxford Amnesty Lectures, significant figures in philosophy, political technological know-how, legislation, psychoanalysis, sociology, and literature handle the demanding situations that displacement, asylum, and migration pose to our notions of human rights. each one lecture is followed via a serious reaction from one other prime philosopher within the box.
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Extra resources for Displacement, Asylum, Migration: The Oxford Amnesty Lectures 2004
We, at any rate many of us, wish to help these unfortunate people in all ways we can, and predictably endow them with an appropriate right, which in such cases has to be a human right. Much debate has taken place on how this right is derived. Calling it a cosmopolitan right to hospitality, Kant, for example, argued that since the earth was originally a common possession, and since the national boundaries were contingent and arbitrary, every human being retained the right to move freely to other parts of the world, especially in times of need.
II. Moral Pluralism The inﬂationary spiral of human rights has gone hand in hand with and been in part propelled by the increasing tendency to conceptualize almost all moral relations in terms of human rights. Human beings are seen exclusively or primarily as bearers of rights, and moral conduct is taken to consist in scrupulous respect for others’ rights. 12 In all these cases it is easy to see the point of what is being said. Children, parents, patients, and pupils have certain interests and needs, and make claims on those charged with the relevant responsibility.
MacIntyre makes the same mistake when he says in defence of his view that every attempt to give good reasons for believing in human rights such as selfevidence and intuition has failed. Human rights are not out there staring us in the face or waiting to be intuited; rather we establish them because we believe that human beings have intrinsic worth and may rightfully claim certain forms of treatment and conditions of life. Human rights are not natural or objective attributes of human beings but norms of conduct, a moral practice, which we think we have good reasons to adopt.