By Hoi-eun Kim
The historical past of German medication has passed through severe scrutiny due to its indelible connection to Nazi crimes. what's much less renowned is that Meiji Japan followed German medication as its legit version in 1869. In Doctors of Empire, Hoi-eun Kim recounts the tale of the virtually 1,200 jap scientific scholars who rushed to German universities to benefit state of the art wisdom from the area leaders in drugs, and of the dozen German physicians who have been invited to Japan to rework the country’s clinical associations and education.
Shifting fluently among German, English, and jap resources, Kim’s publication makes use of the vibrant lives of those males to ascertain the impression of German drugs in Japan from its arrival to the top of its impact and its abrupt yet transitority cave in on the outbreak of the 1st global War.
Transnational heritage at its best, Doctors of Empire not just illuminates the German origins of contemporary scientific technology in Japan but additionally reinterprets the character of German imperialism in East Asia.
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The background of German medication has passed through severe scrutiny due to its indelible connection to Nazi crimes. what's much less popular is that Meiji Japan followed German medication as its professional version in 1869. In medical professionals of Empire, Hoi-eun Kim recounts the tale of the just about 1,200 eastern clinical scholars who rushed to German universities to benefit state-of-the-art wisdom from the area leaders in medication, and of the dozen German physicians who have been invited to Japan to remodel the country’s scientific associations and schooling.
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Extra info for Doctors of Empire: Medical and Cultural Encounters between Imperial Germany and Meiji Japan
Bowers claims that in making those appropriations [of Western technology and science], the Japanese slavishly copied German medicine, not only because of its position of world leadership, but also because they found its philosophy and style especially comfortable. 14 Considering the historical developments in the 1870s and the 1880s – specifically Japanese politicians’ fascination with the fast and furious victories of the Prussian army against France in 1870 and Japan’s adoption of the conservative Prussian model for her constitution in 1889 – it is fair to say that it is entirely plausible that Japanese political considerations played a decisive role in the adoption of German medicine.
44 Likewise, Robert I. Hellyer draws a far more proactive and pragmatic image of the Tokugawa shogunate. ”45 What has not changed in the new historiographical intervention (and probably is given more emphasis because of it) is the significance that Nagasaki held as a commercial and intellectual outpost of Tokugawa Japan. A strategic entrepôt that connected Japan to the global market of China and beyond, Nagasaki was bustling with Japanese, Chinese, and Dutch merchants. Of these “proxies,” in particular, the Dutch merchants, who secured a monopoly on foreign trade after the expulsion of the Portuguese, engaged not only in the commercial activities that exchanged Japan’s precious metals such as silver for silk, sugar, animal skins, and luxury goods for consumption by the Japanese, but also in the cultural activities that brought new intellectual impetus to Tokugawa Japan.
Before we learn about the actual implementation of reforms in medical education enacted by German doctors, we need to briefly consider the legacy of Dutch Learning in its relation to the introduction of German medicine, for Dutch Learning occupied a certain historical significance in that it formed a crucial stepping stone for the introduction of modern Western medical science into Japan, and as such has often been touted by historians as the crucial precursor to the eventual emergence of modern medicine in Japan.