Download Down's Syndrome: The History of a Disability by David Wright PDF

By David Wright

For one hundred fifty years, Down Syndrome has constituted the archetypal psychological incapacity, simply recognisable by way of precise facial anomalies and actual stigmata. In a slim scientific experience, Down Syndrome is a typical affliction because of the presence of all or a part of an additional twenty first chromosome. it truly is named after John Langdon Down, the British asylum clinical superintendent who defined the syndrome as 'Mongolism' in a chain of lectures in 1866. In 1959, the ailment used to be pointed out as a chromosome 21 trisomy by way of the French paediatrician and geneticist J�r�me Lejeune and has considering that been referred to as Down Syndrome (in the English-speaking international) or Trisomy 21 (in many eu countries). yet childrens and adults born with this chromosomal abnormality have an enormous collective historical past past their glaring value to the background of clinical science.

David Wright, a Professor within the heritage of drugs at McMaster college, seems on the care and therapy of people with Down Syndrome - defined for far of heritage as 'idiots', - from Medieval Europe to the current day. the invention of the genetic foundation of the and the profound adjustments in attitudes, care, and early identity of Down Syndrome in the genetic period, displays the interesting scientific and social background of the affliction.

Show description

Read or Download Down's Syndrome: The History of a Disability PDF

Best christianity books

When Giants Were Upon the Earth: The Watchers, the Nephilim, and the Biblical Cosmic War of the Seed

The Appendices of All eight Chronicles of the Nephilim jointly in a single Book.

The bestselling Biblical myth novel sequence Chronicles of the Nephilim has opened a door for Christian mind's eye and theology like none different. writer Brian Godawa stocks the Biblical and old ancient and legendary learn that undergirds the fiction. Now all these appendices were put jointly in a single booklet if you wish severe learn of the subjects of the Watchers, Nephilim, and the Biblical Cosmic struggle of the Seed.

This e-book has the distinctive bonus of a formerly unpublished bankruptcy at the publication of Enoch, in addition to newly improved chapters.

The booklet of Enoch: Scripture, Heresy or What?
Bonus bankruptcy. How influential the traditional publication of Enoch has been at the Church and the hot testomony either without delay and ultimately.

Sons of God (Newly increased from Noah Primeval)
Noah Primeval Appendix. advent to the Divine Council within the Bible. Are the Sons of God in Genesis 6 angels, Sethites or divine kings?

The Nephilim (Newly extended from Noah Primeval)
Noah Primeval Appendix. The Nephilim within the Bible is debatable. yet Genesis 6 isn't the simply position they appear. This bankruptcy explores all over the place giants look within the Bible, and there are various of them.

Leviathan
Noah Primeval Appendix. The suggestion of a sea dragon of chaos is common within the old close to East and the Bible. what's its theological which means? Dinosaur? Whale? Sea Dragon? The Bible might shock you.

Mesopotamian Cosmic Geography within the Bible
Noah Primeval Appendix. Did the Bible writers imagine the traditional Mesopotamian view of a flat earth supported by way of pillars over an Underworld with a superb dome overhead? This bankruptcy shall we the Bible converse for itself.

Retelling Bible tales and Mythic mind's eye
Enoch Primordial Appendix. historical Jewish writers retold Bible tales to convey aspiring to their international. Jewish legends and Biblical creatures in Enoch Primordial: Cain as a vampire, Lilith the demon, Rahab the ocean dragon, Behemoth, Cherubim, Seraphim, Rephaim, and devil.

Gilgamesh and the Bible
Gilgamesh Immortal Appendix. a glance at what the traditional Epic of Gilgamesh has in universal with the Bible: much. What used to be “Noah’s nakedness”? a glance on the numerous theories of who Gilgamesh fairly was once in background and the Bible.

In protection of historical Traditions
Abraham Allegiant Appendix. Why are there a number of names for God within the Bible? The legends in the back of the Tower of Babel and who Nimrod relatively was once in historical past. the traditional booklet of Jasher quoted within the Bible. What does it suggest that the Sons of God inherited the countries at Babel?

Mythical Monsters within the Bible
Joshua Valiant Appendix. a glance at legendary creatures within the Bible: Satyrs, centaurs, Lilith, winged fiery serpents, and Azazel. a detailed examine recognized Biblical giants: Og of Bashan and the Anakim giants; Ahiman, Talmai, and Sheshai.

Canaanite Baal and outdated testomony Storytelling Polemics
Caleb Vigilant Appendix. How Bible writers used Canaanite notions subversively to undermine Baal the hurricane god, and raise Yahweh because the real God.

Goliath was once now not by myself
David Ascendant Appendix. a more in-depth examine the main well-known Biblical great, Goliath. yet there are 5 different giants spoken of within the Bible as going after David. have been they part of a mystery pact to kill the messiah king? And who have been the Lion males of Moab?

Jesus and the Cosmic warfare
Jesus positive Appendix. Nephilim and demons. Satan’s position as “god of this global. ” The Transfiguration of Christ as a assertion of struggle at the Watchers. Exegesis of one Peter three as Christ descends into Sheol with effective conquer the Powers.

Silk Road

1260AD
Josseran Sarrazini is a Templar Knight, proficient for warfare. yet because the Christian garrisons within the Holy Land start to fall to the Saracen, he needs to embark upon a venture of peace: to the golden palaces at Xanadu, to hunt an alliance with Kubilai Khan, ruler of the best empire in historical past and commander of the invincible Mongol horde. Josseran's job is ambitious. To trip the treacherous Silk street to the sting of the identified global. To cheat starvation, thirst, and dying. And to forge a very important allegiance with a those that don't honour his reason, or his God. Blazing with event, epic in scope, and completely compulsive, Silk highway weaves a spellbinding tale of struggle, honour and wish onto the mammoth tapestry of the medieval East.

Women in the Bible For Dummies

Accomplished interfaith assurance of the real woman figures This pleasant, approachable consultant introduces readers to the recognized and notorious girls of Scripture, describing in daily language the contributions those ladies made of their time and ours. From Eve, Sarah, and Esther to Mary and Mary Magdalene, it discusses recognized girls of either the previous and New Testaments, analyzing their position in Biblical narratives, their position within the Jewish and Christian faiths, and the teachings their tales impart to ladies this day.

The Environment and Christian Ethics (New Studies in Christian Ethics)

This publication is set the level, origins and reasons of the environmental hindrance. Dr. Northcott argues that Christianity has misplaced the biblical wisdom of the interconnectedness of all lifestyles. He indicates how Christian theologians and believers may recuperate a extra ecologically-friendly trust procedure and way of life.

Additional info for Down's Syndrome: The History of a Disability

Example text

The system had been taken up and refined by the French army as a means of reading coded messages in the dark. An officer, Charles Barbier, sent his system to the French National Institution for Deaf-Mutes for use in teaching. One young adult student, Louis Braille, refined the system of embossed dots into simple 2 ´ 3 matrices. It was only one of many different systems in use, but its flexibility and simplicity quickly ensured that the Braille method would succeed as the most important system of reading for the blind, becoming the standard European method by the end of the nineteenth century.

Forced to flee England, Locke returned in 1688 following the so-called Glorious Revolution and began publishing many of his political tracts that had been written in prior decades. His biggest contribution to Enlightenment thinking was his support for individual consent as the basis for political legitimacy, as articulated most famously in his Two Treatises of Government (1689). Locke argued that citizens had an obligation to rise up against any government that abused the protections of life, liberty, and property, the basis on which government was formed in the first place.

However, rarely were the mentally disabled convicted; instead, they were usually dismissed when the individual was found non compos mentis (of unsound mind) and remanded to their family or, in rare cases, incarcerated. This was particularly true of idiots charged with offenses. ’9 In absolving the mentally disabled from guilt, commentators universally agreed that their bodily and mental conditions were punishment enough—what they called, rather poetically, the ‘misfortune of fate’. By the eighteenth century, public enquiries of mental capacity, called Inquisitions (not to be confused with the religious Inquisitions in Spain and elsewhere), began to emerge.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.83 of 5 – based on 33 votes