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Extra resources for Encyclopedia Of American Political Parties And Elections (Facts on File Library of American History)
After the second oral argument, Justice Stewart joined a fragile Court majority in favor of Court intervention. Justice Clark sided with the Frankfurter camp, since the plaintiffs could still “invoke the ample powers of Congress” for relief. He also noted that the plaintiffs had not made MALAPPORTIONMENT a campaign issue. These two facts led him to the view that the plaintiffs had not exhausted all possible avenues of relief. Yet, while in the process of writing a separate dissent, Justice Clark changed his mind.
Suffragettes and prohibitionists worked, often in tandem, to secure the vote for women in state and local elections and to abolish the production and sale of alcohol in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, years before such policies were enacted nationally. More recently, two prominent campaign issues have been reformed by way of the ballot initiative: TERM LIMITS for state legislators and publicly funded election campaigns, otherwise known as clean elections. Achieving political reform through the popular initiative process is a well used tactic for those seeking to circumvent the status quo maintained by existing power structures.
The Affirmative Action Debate. : Addison-Wesley, 1996. —Taiyu Chen 24 ballot initiatives, campaign reform ballot initiatives, campaign reform Campaign reform is a term that refers to alterations to the processes surrounding elections and campaigns for public office or publicly decided issues. Many significant aspects of campaign reform have originally found support and strength at the ballot box, at both the state and local levels. Suffragettes and prohibitionists worked, often in tandem, to secure the vote for women in state and local elections and to abolish the production and sale of alcohol in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, years before such policies were enacted nationally.