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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Prisoners of War And Internment, 2nd ed.

Sample text

Following a carefully scripted trial, he was found guilty of atrocities and hung, the only soldier executed for his role in Civil War prisons. , The Civil War Diary of Amos E. Stearns, a Prisoner at Andersonville (Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1981). William Marvel, Andersonville: The Last Depot (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994). John Ransom, Andersonville Diary (New York: Berkley Publishing, 1986 [1881]). Ezra Hoyt Ripple, Dancing Along the Deadline: The Andersonville Memoir of a Prisoner of the Confederacy (Novato, CA: Presidio Press, 1996).

Colonial crews caught in non-American waters were taken to Great Britain to be confined at Forton Prison in the Portsmouth area or Mill Prison near Plymouth. ” These fortifications were more permanent than floating prisons and contained seamen from Allied nations, such as France, as well as colonial prisoners. Records do not state exactly how many prisoners of war were held on ships and in Great Britain, but scholars estimate that there were as many as 2,500 prisoners in 1777 and 5,300 by 1780.

Civil War, the prison at Cahaba, Alabama, had once been a cotton warehouse. British POWs confined in Halle in World War I were dismayed to discover that their camp had once been an iron foundry; there were no proper sanitary facilities, and the room that served as a mess hall had a dirt floor. Castles have also been natural choices: Portchester Castle in England held French POWs during the Napoleonic Wars, and during World War II, the German military made prison camps out of many castles, including Colditz, Königstein, Spangenberg, and Laufen.

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