By Jennifer Speake, Thomas Goddard Bergin, Thomas Goddard Bergin
Exploring the interval of transition from medieval to fashionable instances, Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and the Reformation, Revised variation covers all facets of the ecu Renaissance and Reformation, from visible arts and structure to philosophy, faith, and politics. In a few 2,100 A-to-Z entries, this finished reference presents precise info on 3 centuries that experience outlined the form of contemporary Western civilization. The scope of this encyclopedia is the 14th, fifteenth, and sixteenth centuries, in which time the pivotal occasions of the Renaissance and Reformation happened, irrevocably altering the future's direction. during this version, the editors have considerably accelerated assurance of faith in addition to common curiosity subject matters similar to the function of ladies, drawing, households, nutrition and cookery, literacy, libraries, and go back and forth. in addition to the addition of considerable new fabric emphasizing the hot findings of cultural historians, the textual content has been up-to-date and revised all through, making an allowance for the most recent scholarship. Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and the Reformation, Revised version is entire with a brand new creation, chronology, and bibliography, in addition to a entire index, nearly a hundred black-and-white images, and an insert of 20 full-color pictures. An authoritative paintings for college students and execs alike, the encyclopedia is an obtainable reference written with the non-specialist in brain.
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Extra info for Encyclopedia of the Renaissance and the Reformation
Maria Novella (1456–70) in Florence in order to unify visually the nave and aisles, and Brunelleschi, in designing the Ospedale degli Innocenti (1421), also in Florence, laid out the plan on a grid system and ensured that the placement of the exterior doors mirrored the disposition of the interior spaces. Vitruvius regarded architecture as an imitation of nature. For instance, he distinguished three column types, Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian, whose proportions and symbolism derived, respectively, from a man, matron, and young girl.
Among the famous makers who worked for Maximilian and his successors were the SEUSENHOFER FAMILY of Innsbruck and the HELMSCHMIED FAMILY of Augsburg. Maximilian’s name is associated with the type of ridged plate that represented the most advanced scientific design attained in European armor, combining strength and flexibility to a marked extent. A curious vagary in this period was the attempt to re- bowl jugular ventail beaver gorget neck-guard pouldron lance-rest breastplate rerebrace elbow-cop taces vambrace fald gauntlet tasset cuisse knee-cop greave solleret Armor This late 15th-century suit of Italian plate armor covers the entire body.
It is plausible that this picture was executed during an undocumented visit to Venice (c. 1465–70), for Antonello’s St. Gregory polyptych (Messina; 1473) and Fathers of the Church altarpiece (Palermo) indicate a knowledge of both the figure style of PIERO DELLA FRANCESCA and the altarpieces of Giovanni BELLINI. His Syracuse Annunciation (1474) revolutionalizes a typical Netherlandish interior by the addition of a monumental figures and architectural motifs derived from Piero and the rigorous application of one-point perspective.