Download Encyclopedia of Toxicology, Four-Volume Set, Second Edition: by Bruce Anderson, Ann de Peyster, Shayne C. Gad, P.J. Bert PDF

By Bruce Anderson, Ann de Peyster, Shayne C. Gad, P.J. Bert Hakkinen, Michael Kamrin, Betty Locey, Harihara M. Mehendale, Carey Pope, Lee Shugart, Philip Wexler

The second one variation of the Encyclopedia of Toxicology maintains its accomplished survey of toxicology. This re-creation keeps to offer entries dedicated to key thoughts and particular chemical substances. there was a rise in entries dedicated to overseas organisations and recognized toxic-related incidents corresponding to Love Canal and Chernobyl. besides the normal scientifically dependent entries, new articles specialize in the societal implications of toxicological wisdom together with environmental crimes, chemical and organic conflict in precedent days, and a historical past of the U.S. environmental move. With greater than 1150 entries, this moment variation has been elevated in size, breadth and intensity, and offers an in depth assessment of the numerous features of toxicology. additionally to be had on-line through ScienceDirect - that includes broad searching, looking, and inner cross-referencing among articles within the paintings, plus dynamic linking to magazine articles and summary databases, making navigation versatile and simple. for additional information, pricing strategies and availability stopover at www.info.sciencedirect.com. *Second variation has been improved to four volumes *Encyclopedic A-Z association of chemical compounds and all middle parts of the technological know-how of toxicology *Covers similar components equivalent to enterprises, poisonous injuries, old and social matters, and legislation *New themes coated contain computational toxicology, melanoma efficiency components, chemical injuries, non-lethal chemical guns, medicinal drugs of abuse, and client items and plenty of extra!

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Extra resources for Encyclopedia of Toxicology, Four-Volume Set, Second Edition: 1 - 3

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It is also used commonly in food handling establishments, on ornamental plants (cut flowers), and in and around residential and commercial buildings for the control of roaches and fire ants. It is effective against a wide range of biting and sucking insects, especially aphids. Exposure Routes and Pathways Common routes of acephate exposure include ingestion and inhalation. Toxicokinetics Acephate is converted to another organophosphorus compound, methamidophos, in the body. Studies with 14C-acephate in mammals have shown 75% of the parent compound eliminated in the urine.

Laboratory findings in acetaminophen poisoned cats include methemoglobinemia and an elevated serum alanine aminotransferase activity. Human Hepatotoxicity is the primary toxic insult from acute acetaminophen overdose. Acetaminophen overdose accounts for more than 56 000 emergency room visits and is implicated in B50% of all acute liver failure in the United States (US Acute Liver Failure (ALF) Study Group). Exposure to toxic doses of acetaminophen may be intentional (suicidal) or unintentional (accidental).

It can cause methemoglobinemia. Chronic Toxicity (or Exposure) Animal Exposure Routes and Pathways Skin contact is the most common accidental exposure pathway. Acenaphthene may irritate or burn skin. Exposure can also be through ingestion or inhalation. Its vapor can be poisonous if inhaled. Toxicokinetics The half-life of acenaphthene in the bluegill fish is less than 1 day. A Beijerinckia species and a mutant strain, Beijerinckia species strain B8/36, were shown to oxidize acenaphthene. Both organisms oxidize acenaphthene to the same spectrum of metabolites, which included 1-acenaphthenol, 1-acenaphtheneone, 1,2-acenaphthenediol, acenaphthenequinone, and a compound that was tentatively identified as 1,2-dihydroxyacenaphthylene.

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