By David Levinson
Read or Download Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Europe and the Middle East PDF
Best encyclopedia books
(Note from Uploader: so far as i will be able to see, this publication lacks a contents web page or index. you could even though do a textual content seek of the physique textual content. the quantity of knowledge contained here's unreal, so i assumed it'd be worthy importing regardless of the indexing concerns. )
The Encyclopedia of actual Chemistry and Chemical Physics introduces almost certainly strange components, explains very important experimental and computational ideas, and describes smooth endeavors. The encyclopedia fast presents the fundamentals, defines the scope of every subdiscipline, and shows the place to head for a extra whole and precise rationalization. specific consciousness has been paid to symbols and abbreviations to make this a uncomplicated encyclopedia. Care has been taken to make sure that the studying point is appropriate for the proficient chemist or physicist.
The encyclopedia is split in 3 significant sections:
* basics: the mechanics of atoms and molecules and their interactions, the macroscopic and statistical description of platforms at equilibrium, and the elemental methods of treating reacting structures. The contributions during this part imagine a just a little much less subtle viewers than the 2 next sections. not less than a part of each one article necessarily covers fabric that will even be present in a latest, undergraduate actual chemistry text.
* tools: the instrumentation and basic thought hired within the significant spectroscopic recommendations, the experimental potential for characterizing fabrics, the instrumentation and easy concept hired within the research of chemical kinetics, and the computational thoughts used to foretell the static and dynamic houses of materials.
* purposes: particular issues of present curiosity and extensive research.
For the training physicist or chemist, this encyclopedia is where to begin while faced with a brand new challenge or whilst the concepts of an unusual zone may be exploited. For a graduate pupil in chemistry or physics, the encyclopedia provides a synopsis of the fundamentals and an summary of the variety of actions within which actual ideas are utilized to chemical difficulties. it is going to lead any of those teams to the salient issues of a brand new box as swiftly as attainable and provides guidelines as to the place to examine the subject in additional detail.
People in all places have tried to alter their our bodies in order to meet their cultural criteria of attractiveness, in addition to their spiritual and/or social responsibilities. every now and then, this variation or adornment in their our bodies is a part of the complicated means of developing and re-creating own and social identities. physique portray has most likely been practiced because the Paleolithic as archaeological proof shows, and the earliest human facts of tattooing is going again to the Neolithic with mummies present in Europe, crucial Asia, the Andes and the center East. Adornments akin to jewellery were present in the earliest human graves and our bodies unearthed from 5 thousand years in the past convey symptoms of intentional head shaping. it really is transparent that decorating and enhancing the physique is a critical human perform. Over 2 hundred entries deal with the key adornments and variations, their old and cross-cultural destinations, and the foremost cultural teams and areas during which physique amendment has been important to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia additionally contains history details at the a few of the important figures keen on growing and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and different physique alterations within the sleek global. eventually, the booklet addresses a few of the significant theoretical concerns surrounding the transitority and everlasting amendment of the physique, the legislation and customs concerning the marking of the physique, and the social pursuits that experience encouraged or embraced physique amendment, and people that have been laid low with it.
All cultures all over the place have tried to alter their physique in an try and meet their cultural criteria of good looks, in addition to their spiritual and or social duties. furthermore, humans adjust and embellish their our bodies as a part of the complicated strategy of growing and re-creating their own and social identities. physique portray has most likely been practiced because the Paleolithic as archaeological proof exhibits, and the earliest human facts of tattooing is going again to the Neolithic with mummies present in Europe, principal Asia, the Andes and the center East. Adornments akin to jewellery were present in the earliest human graves and our bodies unearthed from 5 thousand years in the past exhibit symptoms of intentional head shaping. it truly is transparent that decorating and enhancing the physique is a vital human perform. Over two hundred entries deal with the most important adornments and alterations, their ancient and cross-cultural destinations, and the most important cultural teams and areas during which physique amendment has been primary to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia additionally comprises historical past details at the a few of the significant figures thinking about growing and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and different physique alterations within the glossy international. ultimately, the e-book addresses the various significant theoretical matters surrounding the transitority and everlasting amendment of the physique, the legislation and customs concerning the marking of the physique, and the social activities that experience motivated or embraced physique amendment, and people which were stricken by it.
Entries comprise, acupuncture, amputation, Auschwitz, P. T. Barnum, the Bible, physique dysmorphic ailment, physique piercing, branding, breast augmentation and aid, Betty Broadbent, castration, Christianity, pass dressers, Dances Sacred and Profane, Egypt, girl genital mutilation, foot binding, freak indicates, genetic engineering, the good Omi, Greco-Roman international, henna, infibulation, laws & law, lip plates, scientific tattooing, Meso-America, army tattoos, nationwide Tattoo organization, nostril piercing, weight problems, everlasting make-up, primitivism, felony tattooing, punk, rites of passage, scalpelling, silicone injections, Stalking Cat, suspensions, tanning, tattoo fact indicates, tattooing, Thailand, transgender, tribalism.
Édition de Myrtille Méricam-Bourdet et Catherine Volpilhac-Auger.
Dix-sept volumes, seventy two 000 articles, five 800 attribués à Diderot : dans cette entreprise targeted que fut l'Encyclopédie, nous avons retenu a hundred articles rédigés par Diderot. Non pas toujours les plus connus, mais les plus représentatifs de son génie, qui consiste à répondre aux questions que parfois le lecteur ne se posait pas, et ainsi à éveiller les consciences. Ce choix reflète les différentes facettes de son activité : Diderot éditeur, qui corrige et complète les textes des collaborateurs de l'entreprise ; Diderot auteur, débordant d'enthousiasme quand le sujet le passionne, piquant l. a. curiosité du lecteur et l'entraînant sur des chemins nouveaux, en transformant les règles de l'écriture encyclopédique. Maniant aussi bien l'ironie que l. a. critique, il n'hésite pas à adopter un ton team of workers, en mettant en scène ses hésitations, ses interrogations, ses convictions. Une nouvelle manière de thinker est née.
A practice of excellence maintains with the long-awaited 10th version of McGraw-Hill's Encyclopedia of technological know-how & expertise The definitive resource for maintaining with the fantastic alterations in technological know-how and expertise - whole with greater than 1,700 new and up-to-date articles loose supplemental site on hand to all clients!
- Africa. An Encyclopedia for Students. Sadat - Zulu & Index
- Europe Since 1914, Volume 5: Encyclopedia of the Age War & Reconstruction
- Worldmark Encyclopedia of the States -Alabama - Montana
- Encyclopedia of the American Constitution
- Worldmark Encyclopedia of the Nations. Asia and Oceania
- Encyclopedia of Rhetoric
Additional resources for Encyclopedia of World Cultures: Europe and the Middle East
New York: Macmillan. Pirenne, Henri (1952). Medieval Cities: Their Origins and the Revival of Trade. Translated by Frank D. Halsey. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 1 Kuter, Lois (1978). The Anthropology of Western Europe: A Selected Bibliography. Bloomington: Indiana University, Western European Studies. Pollock, Linda A. (1987). A Lasting Relationship: Parents and Children over Three Centuries. London: Fourth Estate. , with assistance of Richard Wall (1972). Household and Family in Past Time: Comparative Studies in the Ramet, Pedro, ed.
Merriam-Webster. Wetterau, Bruce, first ed. (1990). The New York Public Library Book of Chronologies. New York: Prentice Hall. Wetzlaugk, Udo, ed. (1989). Outlook Berlin. Translated by Stephens, Meic (1976). Linguistic Minorities in Western Europe. Llandysul Dufed, Wales: Gomer Press. Stringer, Chris (1988). The Neanderthals. London: Thames & Hudson. Joan Glenn. 3rd ed. Berlin: Berlin Information Center. Whittle, Alastair (1985). Neolithic Europe: A Survey. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
CONTEMPORARY LANGUAGES OF EUROPE Three basic sources for Europe are Chadwick (1973), Comrie (1987), and Stephens (1976). Although the Stephens volume does not encompass all languages spoken in Europe, it does provide the contextual background and status of minority languages in sixteen countries. For example, the chapter on Austria covers the Slovenes living in Carinthia and the Croats and Magyars in Burgenland, and the chapter on Spain includes Galicians, Basques, and Catalans. Britain, Italy, and France are covered especially well.