By Selina Begum, Marcel J.F. Stive, Jim W. Hall
In recent times significant floods have happened throughout Europe inflicting critical damages and large monetary implications. Flood threat and vulnerability is expanding with elevated frequency of incidence of maximum occasions because of weather swap, alterations in land-use, encroachment into floodplains and lengthening monetary worth of resources and companies. Human lives, estate, surroundings and socio-economics are at expanding chance because of flooding. fresh alarming occasions in crucial Europe, united kingdom and The Netherlands have supplied renewed impetus to the improvement of more advantageous rules and methods for flood threat administration throughout Europe. Sharing of data and realizing of the sensible difficulties, dilemmas and demanding situations will reduction within the improvement and implementation of latest applied sciences and methods of the hard problems with flood probability administration in Europe. This invaluable version brings jointly 26 peer reviewed articles on technical, socio-economic, environmental and coverage facets of flood threat administration. those articles give a contribution to the 5 sections with the final topics: i) flood probability administration perform, ii) flood occasions and affects, iii) flood research and modelling iv) flood forecasting and v) flood hazard administration coverage. a few rising applied sciences are awarded and several other destiny demanding situations are pointed out.
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Extra info for Flood Risk Management in Europe: Innovation in Policy and Practice (Advances in Natural and Technological Hazards Research)
McGraw-Hill, New York, USA Driessen AMAJ (1994) Watersnood tussen Maas en Waal. Overstromingsrampen in het rivierengebied tussen 1780 en 1810. Walburg Pers Zutphen, the Netherlands Hesselink AW (2002) History makes a river. Morphological changes and human interference in the river Rhine, The Netherlands. PhD thesis, Faculty of Geographical Sciences, University of Utrecht, NGS 292 Hesselink AW, Stelling GS, Kwadijk JCJ, Middelkoop H (2003) Inundation of a Dutch river polder, sensitivity analysis of a physically based inundation model using historic data.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS This research was funded by the Belvedere bureau of the Dutch ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and the Environment. Nathalie Asselman (WL Delft Hydraulics), Annika Hesselink (Utrecht University/RIZA), Dré van Marrewijk and Oswald Lagendijk (Belvedere) provided useful feedback to the design and evaluation of the scenarios. WL Delft Hydraulics is gratefully acknowledged for the use of Delft-FLS. 42 D. Alkema and H. Middelkoop REFERENCES Albertson ML, Simons DB (1964) Fluid mechanics, flow in open channels.
Made the effect of the 12th October 2000 flood worse than it would have been otherwise, by: • increasing the amount and rate of surface water run-off, thereby increasing flows; • reducing the area available for flood storage, thereby increasing peak levels; • reducing the area available for flood flow conveyance, thereby increasing peak levels, contributing to rapid inundation and high flood velocities, and extending the period of flooding. Contemporary hydrodynamic models have the capability of including property shape, size, and orientation for analysing a flood’s depths, depth differentials, and velocities.