By Charles Parsons
In "From Kant to Husserl", Charles Parsons examines a variety of ancient opinion on philosophical questions, from arithmetic to phenomenology. Amplifying his early principles on Kant's philosophy of mathematics, Parsons makes use of Kant's lectures on metaphysics to discover how his arithmetical ideas relate to the types. He then turns to early reactions by way of speedy successors of Kant, Johann Schultz and Bernard Bolzano, to make clear disputed questions relating to interpretation of Kant's philosophy of arithmetic. , in addition, in what Kant intended by way of "pure ordinary science", Parsons considers the connection among the 1st Critique and the Metaphysical Foundations of common technology. His observation on Kant's Transcendental Aesthetic departs from arithmetic to interact the vexed query of what it tells concerning the which means of Kant's transcendental idealism. continuing directly to phenomenology, Parsons examines Frege's evolving thought of extensions, his perspective towards set thought, and his correspondence, quite exchanges with Russell and Husserl. An essay on Brentano brings out, relating to judgment, an alternative choice to the now general Fregean view of negation, and, on fact, possible choices to the conventional correspondence view which are nonetheless mentioned this present day. finishing with the query of why Husserl didn't take the "linguistic turn", a last essay incorporated the following marks the one article-length dialogue of Husserl Parsons has ever written, regardless of a long-standing engagement with this philosopher.
“By displaying the continuity from Kant to vintage debates of the early 20th century and his personal research of structuralism, Parsons exhibits how glossy advancements don't simply provide upward thrust to new questions, yet light up matters whose curiosity and significance isn't localized to a proper environment. this is often what i locate most enjoyable approximately his work.”—Katherine Dunlop, Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews
“Parsons’s penetrating and cautious exploration of primary concerns within the philosophy of arithmetic has led him to check intensive key figures in overdue 19th and early twentieth-century philosophy, particularly Kant, Frege, Brentano, and Husserl. those essays mix refined and unique insights with a unified view on key subject matters past the philosophy of arithmetic. Even these people who right now learn every thing that Parsons writes relish having those essays accumulated among covers and supplied with postscripts on contemporary developments.”—Dagfinn Føllesdal, Stanford University
“Charles Parsons is the grasp of traditionally orientated philosophy of arithmetic, and his writings have performed a lot to light up the historic figures he treats—especially Kant—well past their perspectives on arithmetic specifically. This quantity brings jointly Parsons’s later writings on Kant (appearing after 1980), and comprises essays on Frege, Brentano, and Husserl to boot. the result's a deeply insightful contribution to our figuring out of 1 principal strand within the improvement of philosophy from the past due eighteenth to the early 20th century.”—Michael Friedman, Stanford University
“This welcome assortment contains precious essays which were overlooked or are tricky to discover somewhere else; it's a nice carrier to deliver them jointly. As continuously, Parsons’s reflections are cautious, incisive, wealthy in perception, and useful of a number of readings. quite a lot of philosophers will succeed in for this quantity repeatedly.”—Daniel Sutherland, college of Illinois
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Extra resources for From Kant to Husserl: Selected Essays
59 Apart from its relevance to questions about the distinction between appearances and things in themselves, the point is relevant also to another controversial point: whether Kant’s argument for transcendental idealism in the Aesthetic makes essential appeal to geometrical knowledge, or whether it needs to rely only on the kind of considerations presented in the Metaphysical Exposition. Clearly the Metaphysical Exposition yields at best conditional necessities of the general form of (1); an argument from absolute necessity to transcendental idealism has to rely on geometry.
Regarding the power of a priori intuition as “the universal a priori condition under which alone the object of this outer intuition is itself possible” (emphasis mine) hardly squares with the restriction view. 60 Guyer seems to suppose that the argument he derives from the General Observations is the same argument as that of the above passages. That seems to me doubtful. He does, however, point to other passages in Kant’s writings where he is pretty clearly arguing from necessity. 59 36 THE TRANSCENDENTAL AESTHETIC The claim (2), however, is more defensible than Guyer allows, at least with regard to geometry: The content of geometry has to do with points, lines, planes, and figures that are in some way forms of objects, and not with our perception.
According to this view, the conclusion from the argument of the Aesthetic is that the notions of space and time do not represent things as they are in themselves, where, however, “represent” creates here an intensional context, so that in particular it does not entitle us to single out things in themselves as a kind of thing, distinct from appearances. ” But talk of “appearances” and “things in themselves” as different objects is at best derivative from the difference of modes of representation.