Download From Sugar Camps to Star Barns: Rural Life and Landscape in by Sally A. McMurry PDF

By Sally A. McMurry

Rural Pennsylvania's landscapes are evocative, richly textured testimonjes to the lives and talents of generations of developers, architects, and craft staff. Farmhouses, barns silos, fences, or even box styles attest to how citizens through the years built a feeling of position that was once not just sensible but additionally cozy and aestheticully acceptable for the time. From Sugar Camps to celebrity Borns tells the tale of 1 such position, a panorama that advanced in southwestern Pennsylvania's Somersat County. Sally McMurry lines the agricultural existence and panorama of Somerset County because it developed from the earliest cost days. Eighteenth-century citizens have been a woodland humans, dwelling on carefully outfitted farmsteads and making unfastened use of the seriously forested panorama (a use typified through the sugar camp). within the 19th century, the folk of this region became to farming. triggered by way of the "market revolution," they pursued a hugely diverse agriculture combining a subsistance base with powerful creation of commodities shipped to far-off towns. Their panorama mirrored this mixture of the neighborhood and the cosmopolitan - a mix that reached its complete expression within the targeted two-story banked farmhouse with double-decker porch, flanked through a considerable Pennsylvania barn. the 20th century introduced a extra industrialized agriculture to Somerset County. This shift to profit-and-loss farming accentuated panorama parts particular to industry items. The great big name barns of this period overshadowed the homes, and ancillary buildings, reminiscent of "peepy homes" and silos, spoke to the pressures of potency and mass construction. the following upward push of coal mining helped stimulate this development because it pressured farmers to differentiate their landscapes from these of the coal-patch cities. Illustrated with over a hundred images, maps, drawings, and diagrams, From Sugar Camps to big name Barns demonstrates how a lot we will know about the financial system and tradition of a specific position just by paying attention to the equipped panorama.

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Additional resources for From Sugar Camps to Star Barns: Rural Life and Landscape in a Western Pennsylvania Community (Keystone Book)

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The kitchen was no longer always the principal entry space, and instead was often moved to a basement location. Exteriors became more symmetrical. Early Somerset County houses reflect this transitional, unstable phase. Some had three- or fourroom plans, but hardly any of these extant buildings have the classic küche, stube, and kammer in their traditional places. Rather, most houses with three or four rooms assembled some key elements of the form, more or less freely combined. For example, the John and Catherine Schneider house, 31' × 25' (see Fig.

Early Somerset County houses reflect this transitional, unstable phase. Some had three- or fourroom plans, but hardly any of these extant buildings have the classic küche, stube, and kammer in their traditional places. Rather, most houses with three or four rooms assembled some key elements of the form, more or less freely combined. For example, the John and Catherine Schneider house, 31' × 25' (see Fig. 17), has four interconnected asymmetrical rooms. Its main living spaces are A Forest People, 1780–1820 entered directly from the main door.

All the grass was cut for hay with German scythes, which were sharpened upon a small “dengel stuck” [see Fig. 9] almost daily, and sharpened by a peculiarly shaped—I think imported—whetstone which each mower carried in a pouch at his waist. Also on his waist strap was carried a cow’s horn with water. We boys of 10 to 13 years of age followed the mowers to scatter the grass and to keep them supplied with water and liquor. 11 12 FROM Sugar C A M P S TO Star B A R N S fig. 8 Timothy (Phleum pratense) was a “tame” grass that farmers began to cultivate systematically for its superior hay.

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