Download Fukushima: Impacts and Implications by D. Elliott PDF

By D. Elliott

The Fukushima nuclear catastrophe in March 2011 led Japan, and plenty of different international locations, to alter their strength regulations. David Elliott reports the catastrophe and its worldwide implications, asking no matter if, regardless of persevered backing via a few governments, the growing to be competition to nuclear strength ability the tip of the worldwide nuclear renaissance.

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Construction had been scheduled to begin on at least three new units. 1007/978-1-137-27433-5 Reactions in Japan and across Asia 27 continued, including work on reactors based on Westinghouse AP1000 and Areva European pressurised water reactor (EPR) designs. China currently gets 2 of its electricity from nuclear and was planning to expand that to 4 by 2020. In addition to the existing 13 reactors, with a total capacity of over 10 GW, 32 more had been approved – another 34 GW. However, Fukushima, and the government review it triggered, may well lead to a reduced programme.

A survey by GfK Marktforschung in April 2011 found that public support for nuclear, already previously very low, at around 10, had fallen to 5, although it was higher in the East, at 10. These figures were confirmed by the postFukushima BBC GlobeScan poll, which found that 90 of respondents were opposed: 38 wanted no new nuclear, 52 wanted no nuclear at all, and just 7 supported nuclear power (BBC World Service, 2011). The government undertook a review of its energy options, but the Deputy Environment Minister publicly stated that the eight oldest nuclear plants would stay shut down permanently and that a rapid phase-out of the remaining nine would follow (Reuters, 2011a).

Röttgen explained, ‘First we’ll have to focus on retrofitting buildings. ’ He concluded, ‘The events in Fukushima marked a turning point for all of us. ’ In 2010, 17 of Germany’s electricity came from renewables, rising to over 20 in the first half of 2011, and there is potential for major expansion. In addition to backing a nuclear phase-out, the 2010 ‘Energy Concept’ review, produced by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (the BMU), said that renewables could supply 35 of electricity by 2020, rising to 80 by 2050.

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