By Thomas W. Simon
We're understandably reluctant to "rank" ethical atrocities. what's worse, genocide or terrorism? during this booklet, Thomas W. Simon argues that politicians use this to govern our feel of injustice through exaggerating terrorism and minimizing torture. He advocates for a world felony code that encourages humanitarian intervention.
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Extra info for Genocide, Torture, and Terrorism: Ranking International Crimes and Justifying Humanitarian Intervention
Consider the following hypothetical: To avoid massive nuclear destruction, it proves imperative to sacrifice a group of individuals. Random selection might offer the fairest procedure available. As an alternative procedure, consider one sometimes heard in medical ethics discussions. A second selection procedure assumes that people destined to die soon anyway would suffer less pain through their sacrifice than they would from their prolonged terminal illness. The two selection standards have independent justifications.
Scholars should pay closer attention to how to make sense of intent in cases of crimes like genocide. The laws of genocide require intent for a conviction. 20 The intent in question does not reduce to an individual intent or to the intent of a specified number of individuals. A determination of the intents of individual perpetrators, although relevant, does not determine the prosecution of individuals for the crime of genocide. A successful prosecution of an individual for the crime of genocide must prove the individual’s complicity in the forming of an institutional intent.
To address these issues, the procedure will be to assess one differentiating element of genocide against a comparable element from each of these other grave harms. For countless reasons, slavery proves to be the most troubling harm to compare to genocide. The analysis uncovers a surprising measure that makes slavery more of a competitor to genocide than originally thought. Slavery (claiming an estimated 20 million deaths30), like genocide, has claimed countless numbers of victims of killings. However, given that deprivation of liberty lies at the core of slavery, genocide as mass killings still ranks as worse than slavery.