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By Clifford Embleton (eds.)

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9). The vast Levantine basin is in the opinion of some authors a crushed and submerged part of the African platform, while other authors regard it as a relict suboceanic basin. According to Malovitskiy (1976), the basement occurs under 15 km of sediments, while Ryan et al. ( 1970) think that the thickness of the sediments varies between 5 and I 0 km. An essential role in the structure of the Earth's crust in the Levantine basin is played by faults, which divide the crust into upthrown and downthrown blocks, such as Eratosphen, Anaximandra, the Cyprus uplifts and the Rhodes depression.

1970) think that the thickness of the sediments varies between 5 and I 0 km. An essential role in the structure of the Earth's crust in the Levantine basin is played by faults, which divide the crust into upthrown and downthrown blocks, such as Eratosphen, Anaximandra, the Cyprus uplifts and the Rhodes depression. The narrow shelf and steep continental slope over the larger part of the submarine margin of Africa in the eastern Mediterranean is undoubtedly a submerged part of the African platform.

The sedimentary cover is strikingly thick-attaining 25 kmand the total crustal thickness is up to 40 km. As a whole, the southern Caspian can be considered as an example of an evolving marine geosynclinal basin in a late stage of development, with folded structures appearing [see Leont'ev (1964, 1968a)]. Apart from the submarine uplifts following the trends of the Caucasus and Kopet Dagh structures, there are also features of the latitudinal trend that are probably older than the present-day structures.

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