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By Bernard Hoekman, Beata Smarzynska Javorcik

The significance of overseas expertise diffusion (ITD) for financial improvement can not often be overstated. either the purchase of expertise and its diffusion foster productiveness development. constructing nations have lengthy sought to exploit either nationwide rules and foreign agreements to stimulate ITD. The 'correct' coverage intervention, if any, relies severely upon the channels by which expertise diffuses the world over and the quantitative results of a number of the diffusion approaches on potency and productiveness development. nor is good understood. New applied sciences can be embodied in items and transferred via imports of latest types of differentiated items or capital items and gear, they're got via publicity to overseas dealers or international traders or they are obtained via arms-length alternate in highbrow estate, e.g., licensing contracts. 'Global Integration and expertise move' makes use of cross-country and company point panel information units to investigate how particular activities—exporting, uploading, FDI, joint ventures—impact on productiveness functionality.

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Tybout, James. 2000. ” Journal of Economic Literature 38 (1): 11–44. World Bank. 2004. Doing Business. Washington, DC: World Bank. Part I Literature surveys 2 Econometric versus Case Study Approaches to Technology Transfer Howard Pack There has been increasing interest in recent years in econometric estimates of the productivity performance of firms in developing countries (Aw, Chen, and Roberts 2001; Pack and Paxson 2001; Tybout 2000; Kraay [chapter 7 of this volume]; and Kraay, Soloaga, and Tybout [chapter 11 of this volume]).

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Asia’s Next Giant: South Korea and Late Industrialization. New York: Oxford University Press. Arnold, Jens Matthias, and Beata Smarzynska Javorcik. 2005. “Gifted Kids or Pushy Parents? ” Policy Research Working Paper 3597, World Bank, Washington, DC. Arora, Ashish, Andrea Fosfuri, and Alfonso Gambardella. 2001. Markets for Technology: The Economics of Innovation and Corporate Strategy. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press. Audretsch, David, and Maryann Feldman. 1996. ” American Economic Review 86 (3): 630–40.

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