By Tanja A. Börzel, V. van Hüllen, Vera van Hüllen
This quantity explores the stipulations lower than which nearby businesses interact in governance move in and to parts of restricted statehood. The authors argue worldwide script of governance move by way of nearby enterprises is rising, the place nearby and nationwide actors are adapting governance criteria and tools to their neighborhood context.
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Extra resources for Governance Transfer by Regional Organizations: Patching Together a Global Script
Besides the legal protection of the human rights regime of the CoE, the EU’s anti-discrimination laws and the four fundamental freedoms are more limited in scope but not dependent on political majorities among the member state governments and in the European Parliament for their enforcement. Reliance on supranational protection mechanism aligns with the institutional self-interest of the European Commission and the European Court of Justice in being considered the ‘guardians of the Treaties’. In the concluding chapter, Börzel and van Hüllen discuss the major ﬁndings of the book and some of their implications for governance research.
This period of high intensity leveled off after this point, also because of the limited number of ROs covered in our data. On the contrary, the S-curve for the adoption of anti-corruption norms is slightly steeper than for the other three standards. Initially, anti-corruption lagged behind in its evolutionary process compared with the other abstract standards. First formally mentioned by the CoE in the Convention on Laundering, Search, Seizure and Conﬁscation of the Proceeds from Crime in 1990, the ﬁght against corruption was addressed in a single-purpose treaty to the issue and hence formalized by the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1996 (see Lohaus in this volume).
If at all, ROs rely on dialogue and some kind of regional monitoring instruments and follow-up mechanisms. The analysis of governance transfer documents also reveals that some ROs provide only very soft, if any, instruments to induce compliance. As we have mentioned above, some ROs have refrained from introducing instruments because another one was already available to the member states due to their overlapping membership in subregional and continental ROs. Although this might be intentional, it is all the more striking when some ROs that were active in the prescription of governance standards do not make instruments available at all.