By Tanya M Kerssen
Grabbing energy explores the background of agribusiness and land conflicts in Northern Honduras targeting the Aguán Valley, the place peasant pursuits conflict huge palm oil manufacturers for definitely the right to land. within the wake of an army coup that overthrew Honduran president Manuel Zelaya in June 2009, rural groups within the Aguán were brutally repressed, with over 60 humans killed in precisely over years. usa army aid--spent within the identify of the battle on Drugs--fuels the Honduran government's skill to repress its humans. A
strong and encouraging circulation for land, foodstuff and democracy has grown during the last years, and it indicates no signal of backing down.
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Additional info for Grabbing Power : The New Struggles for Land, Food and Democracy in Northern Honduras
By 1994, approximately 30,500 hectares (over 75,000 acres) of “reform sector” lands—state-owned lands reserved for the collective use of the peasantry—were bought by private investors (FOSDEH et al. , 30). e. infrastructure financed by external debt and built up during the development decades). Thus, the fertile Aguán region suffered the highest levels of land re-concentration in the country. , 149). With a few exceptions (see the case of Salamá in Part Three), the Aguán cooperative sector was decimated.
Since the early eighties, there has been an increasing use of these oils as raw material for the production of “oleochemicals,” chemical products derived from plant and animal fats such as palm, coconut, rapeseed (canola), soybean and tallow. The oleochemicals industry emerged after a slump in the production of petrochemicals—chemicals derived from petroleum—due to the spike in crude oil prices in the 1970s (Haupt et al. 1984). Much like petrochemicals, oleochemicals are used in a variety of products: soaps and detergents; lubricants; coatings and resins; plastics; candles; paper; rubber; food and feed; tobacco products; polyurethanes; cosmetics; pharmaceuticals; emulsifiers and anti-static agents; and explosives (Rupilius and Ahmad 2005).
By 1993, only 30 percent of the Aguán Valley’s land area was planted to project-promoted cash crops (half of which consisted of oil palm) compared to 50 percent in neighboring Sula Valley (DeFontenay 1999). THE AGUáN VALLEY: LAND FOR THE PEOPLE 21 Still, the development state of the 1970s took precautions to ensure reformed lands would benefit the poor and not the rich. A 1974 law (Decree Law 170) placed limits on the size of large properties and prohibited their sale, requiring that they be reverted to the state for re-distribution to landless peasants.