By S. Flügge
Read Online or Download Handbuch der Physik / Encyclopedia of Physics, Band / Volume XXXII: Strukturforschung / Structural Research PDF
Best encyclopedia books
(Note from Uploader: so far as i will see, this publication lacks a contents web page or index. you could although do a textual content seek of the physique textual content. the quantity of knowledge contained this is unreal, so i presumed it might be worthy importing regardless of the indexing matters. )
The Encyclopedia of actual Chemistry and Chemical Physics introduces in all likelihood unusual components, explains vital experimental and computational thoughts, and describes smooth endeavors. The encyclopedia quick presents the fundamentals, defines the scope of every subdiscipline, and exhibits the place to head for a extra entire and particular rationalization. specific cognizance has been paid to symbols and abbreviations to make this a straightforward encyclopedia. Care has been taken to make sure that the studying point is acceptable for the educated chemist or physicist.
The encyclopedia is split in 3 significant sections:
* basics: the mechanics of atoms and molecules and their interactions, the macroscopic and statistical description of structures at equilibrium, and the fundamental methods of treating reacting structures. The contributions during this part imagine a a bit much less subtle viewers than the 2 next sections. not less than a element of every one article unavoidably covers fabric that may even be present in a contemporary, undergraduate actual chemistry text.
* equipment: the instrumentation and basic thought hired within the significant spectroscopic ideas, the experimental ability for characterizing fabrics, the instrumentation and uncomplicated thought hired within the examine of chemical kinetics, and the computational concepts used to foretell the static and dynamic houses of materials.
* functions: particular subject matters of present curiosity and extensive research.
For the working towards physicist or chemist, this encyclopedia is where to begin while faced with a brand new challenge or while the concepts of an surprising zone should be exploited. For a graduate scholar in chemistry or physics, the encyclopedia offers a synopsis of the fundamentals and an outline of the variety of actions during which actual rules are utilized to chemical difficulties. it's going to lead any of those teams to the salient issues of a brand new box as quickly as attainable and provides tips as to the place to examine the subject in additional detail.
People in every single place have tried to alter their our bodies to be able to meet their cultural criteria of attractiveness, in addition to their spiritual and/or social responsibilities. every now and then, this variation or adornment in their our bodies is a part of the advanced strategy of developing and re-creating own and social identities. physique portray has most likely been practiced because the Paleolithic as archaeological proof exhibits, and the earliest human proof of tattooing is going again to the Neolithic with mummies present in Europe, imperative Asia, the Andes and the center East. Adornments comparable to jewellery were present in the earliest human graves and our bodies unearthed from 5 thousand years in the past express symptoms of intentional head shaping. it's transparent that decorating and editing the physique is a primary human perform. Over 2 hundred entries tackle the most important adornments and alterations, their historic and cross-cultural destinations, and the most important cultural teams and areas within which physique amendment has been significant to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia additionally comprises heritage info at the a number of the critical figures desirous about growing and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and different physique variations within the glossy global. eventually, the publication addresses many of the significant theoretical matters surrounding the transitority and everlasting amendment of the physique, the legislation and customs in regards to the marking of the physique, and the social activities that experience stimulated or embraced physique amendment, and people that have been laid low with it.
All cultures far and wide have tried to alter their physique in an try and meet their cultural criteria of attractiveness, in addition to their non secular and or social duties. moreover, humans regulate and beautify their our bodies as a part of the advanced strategy of growing and re-creating their own and social identities. physique portray has most likely been practiced because the Paleolithic as archaeological proof exhibits, and the earliest human facts of tattooing is going again to the Neolithic with mummies present in Europe, significant Asia, the Andes and the center East. Adornments reminiscent of jewellery were present in the earliest human graves and our bodies unearthed from 5 thousand years in the past express indicators of intentional head shaping. it really is transparent that decorating and enhancing the physique is a valuable human perform. Over two hundred entries tackle the foremost adornments and changes, their ancient and cross-cultural destinations, and the main cultural teams and locations within which physique amendment has been relevant to social and cultural practices. This encyclopedia additionally contains heritage details at the a few of the relevant figures all in favour of growing and popularizing tattooing, piercing, and different physique alterations within the sleek international. eventually, the booklet addresses many of the significant theoretical concerns surrounding the transitority and everlasting amendment of the physique, the legislation and customs in regards to the marking of the physique, and the social routine that experience encouraged or embraced physique amendment, and people that have been stricken by it.
Entries comprise, acupuncture, amputation, Auschwitz, P. T. Barnum, the Bible, physique dysmorphic ailment, physique piercing, branding, breast augmentation and aid, Betty Broadbent, castration, Christianity, move dressers, Dances Sacred and Profane, Egypt, lady genital mutilation, foot binding, freak indicates, genetic engineering, the nice Omi, Greco-Roman international, henna, infibulation, laws & law, lip plates, scientific tattooing, Meso-America, army tattoos, nationwide Tattoo organization, nostril piercing, weight problems, everlasting make-up, primitivism, felony tattooing, punk, rites of passage, scalpelling, silicone injections, Stalking Cat, suspensions, tanning, tattoo truth exhibits, tattooing, Thailand, transgender, tribalism.
Édition de Myrtille Méricam-Bourdet et Catherine Volpilhac-Auger.
Dix-sept volumes, seventy two 000 articles, five 800 attribués à Diderot : dans cette entreprise targeted que fut l'Encyclopédie, nous avons retenu a hundred articles rédigés par Diderot. Non pas toujours les plus connus, mais les plus représentatifs de son génie, qui consiste à répondre aux questions que parfois le lecteur ne se posait pas, et ainsi à éveiller les consciences. Ce choix reflète les différentes facettes de son activité : Diderot éditeur, qui corrige et complète les textes des collaborateurs de l'entreprise ; Diderot auteur, débordant d'enthousiasme quand le sujet le passionne, piquant l. a. curiosité du lecteur et l'entraînant sur des chemins nouveaux, en transformant les règles de l'écriture encyclopédique. Maniant aussi bien l'ironie que l. a. critique, il n'hésite pas à adopter un ton body of workers, en mettant en scène ses hésitations, ses interrogations, ses convictions. Une nouvelle manière de thinker est née.
A convention of excellence keeps with the long-awaited 10th version of McGraw-Hill's Encyclopedia of technology & expertise The definitive resource for maintaining with the superb adjustments in technological know-how and know-how - whole with greater than 1,700 new and up-to-date articles loose supplemental web site to be had to all clients!
- An Encyclopedia of Modern American Humour
- Encyclopedia of Statistical Scis. [Vol. 04]
- Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences, Four-Volume Set: Encyclopedia of Dairy Sciences 2nd Edition, Four-Volume set, Second Edition
- Encyclopedia of public international law / 6. Regional cooperation, organizations and problems. - 1983. - XV, 381 S
Additional resources for Handbuch der Physik / Encyclopedia of Physics, Band / Volume XXXII: Strukturforschung / Structural Research
3) de polarisation et de a l'axe LORENTZ: LP = 1 + cos2 2 D 2sm2D . 6) pour tous les nreuds du reseau reciproque et de Ie completer par une seconde correction, relative a un facteur R dit «de rotation », specifique de la hauteur de la strate etudiee. En incidence normale: R = . 7) (q; angle du plan cristallin de n~flexion avec l'axe de rotation) fonction dont Cox et SHAWl ont dresse la liste des valeurs. t ) = sinD .. 8) Vsin2 D - sin 2 I-' dont les tables et graphiques ont ete etablis par TUNELL (1939).
Pour que les courbes ne soient pas trap accidentees, surtout par les raies faibles, on adopte des constantes de temps de l'ordre de plusieurs secondes. ), sinon Ie profil de la raie serait deforme sur l'enregistrement: elle serait elargie et son centre de gravite serait legerement deplace 3 . Avec les vitesses de rotation les plus lentes, un diagramme, meme partiel, exige done plusieurs heures. Toutefois, des diagrammes de moindre precision peuvent etre obtenus plus rapidement. Un enregistrement correct et reproductible exige que la stabilite du generateur de rayons X soit excellente.
Aussi les etudes de structure exigent, en regIe generale, d'etre faites sur un monocristal. Pourtant, au debut, de nombreuses structures tres simples ont ete determinees sur diagrammes de poudres. --0-------. dV =r'dV . 1 ) Rappelons que dans cette formule: I designe l'energie diffractee sur l'unite de longueur d'une raie DEBYE-SCHERRER enregistree a la distance r d'un volume dV de poudre assez petit pour que l'absorption y soit negligeable. I o, l'intensite par unite de surface du faisceau incident.