Download The Fragile Fabric of Union: Cotton, Federal Politics, and by Brian D. Schoen PDF

By Brian D. Schoen

During this clean learn Brian Schoen perspectives the Deep South and its cotton from a world standpoint, revisiting previous assumptions and offering new insights into the quarter, the political background of the us, and the motives of the Civil conflict. Schoen takes a special and huge process. instead of seeing the Deep South and its planters as remoted from higher highbrow, monetary, and political advancements, he areas the quarter firmly inside them. In doing so, he demonstrates that the region's prominence in the glossy global -- and never its competition to it -- indelibly formed Southern historical past. where of "King Cotton" within the sectional considering and budding nationalism of the decrease South turns out seen adequate, yet Schoen reexamines the ever-shifting panorama of overseas alternate from the 1780s during the eve of the Civil conflict. He argues that the Southern cotton exchange used to be necessary to the ecu economic system, possible worthy any fee for Europeans to guard and hold, and whatever to guard aggressively within the halls of Congress. This strong organization gave the Deep South the arrogance to finally secede from the Union.By integrating the background of the quarter with international occasions, Schoen finds how white farmers, planters, and retailers created a "Cotton South," preserved its profitability for a few years, and ensured its dominance within the overseas uncooked cotton markets. the tale he tells unearths the possibilities and prices of cotton construction for the reduce South and the us.

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Extra resources for The Fragile Fabric of Union: Cotton, Federal Politics, and the Global Origins of the Civil War

Sample text

Provincial settlers anxious to retain their British identities and forced to do so by navigation acts embraced metropolitan fashions, making them important consumers of the mother country’s textiles. With little or no local cloth production, Canada and the West Indies purchased British textiles in large quantities. The settlement of Australia in the 1790s turned convicts into consumers. As the nineteenth century proceeded, cotton found a central place in what C. A. 10 Despite growing numbers of consumers, the expansion of Britain’s cotton businesses required that manufacturers find steady supplies of raw cotton.

Poor-quality strands homespun by patriotic women during the war had been critical for the war effort but afterward were deemed more suitable for clothing slaves than “refined” whites. In addition, slaveholders seeking reentrance into global commodity markets initially turned their slaves’ efforts toward traditional crops, choosing to purchase cheap plain calicoes, known as Negro Cloth, from Britain rather than have slaves spin their own. When Anglo-French warfare in the early 1790s restricted British access to the continent, the United States assumed new importance for British The Threads of a Global Loom 31 manufacturers.

What would eventually become Article I, Section 9, ensured that the federal government could not pass export duties. ”17 Having used threats to secure significant protections for slavery and commercial agriculture, Pinckney then curried favor with northern allies by accentuating his region’s vulnerability and exaggerating the sacrifices that he and his constituents would make on behalf of northern merchants. Dubiously asserting that “it was the true interest of the S. States to have no regulation of commerce,” General Pinckney explained the reasons for their accommodation, considering the “liberal conduct towards the views of South Carolina [regarding the slave trade] and the interest the weak Southn.

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